Types of Evidence | Court Proceeding

By September 4, 2017 The Law of Evidence
Types of Evidence

For any case to proceed in a court of law, there has to be evidence proving if the sued individual is guilty or not. Without the support of proof, either the prosecution or defence side is likely to fail. As a law student, it is crucial for you to understand how evidence works in proving innocence or guilt in a case proceeding and understand the different types of evidence available. Getting a Law tutor London will help you learn and understand these with ease.

While evidence is a vital aspect of a court proceeding, not all kind of evidence given is acceptable. There are rules as to which evidence is acceptable and which one is not. For evidence to be admissible, it has to be relevant. There are five main types of evidence which include;

 

Oral testimony

For oral evidence, the parties to the proceedings give oral testimony to an open court. It is put forward as the truth of its content.

Real evidence

This is tangible evidence which takes the form of material objects given before the court. The material is produced to show that proof exists and that some inference can be drawn from it. These include photos or faulty goods.

Documentary evidence

This could include documents or records that can be used to defend or prove a claim. It is mostly something that has digital recordings and writings like diaries, employment contracts, spreadsheets and payslips just to mention a few.

Hearsay evidence

A witness provides such proof based on what a third party told them. It is basically second-hand evidence, and the court might not give too much weight to it.

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